Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (2022)

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (1)A Swarovski crystal. (Photo:Alexander Baxevanis/flickr)

There are gems, there are crystals, and then there’s Swarovski.

The improbably successful Austrian crystal manufacturer is the epitome of shopping mall luxury. It sounds foreign, exclusive, precious. Yet you can buy a pair of Swarovski earrings from Amazon for $17.60. The same total carat weight in diamonds, in a very similar setting, would cost you somewhere north of $5,000, depending on quality and provenance.

Swarovski makes glass and yet the company has managed to create for itself a brand that carries weight in the luxury world, something no other manufacturer of non-gems has ever even tried. How in the world did that happen?

Swarovski, which celebrates its 120-year anniversary this year, is a steward of a centuries-old Bohemian tradition, making use of natural resources in the Czech Republic and Austria. It’s a phenomenally innovative design studio and an impressively creative chemical laboratory, all in one. And, of course, it’s the beneficiary of absolutely genius marketing.

Swarovski doesn’t talk about their process. They won’t tell anyone what they do to the glass, how they make it. But everyone agrees that Swarovski’s lead glass is the best that’s ever been made.

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Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (2)
A kind of glass Bambi. (Photo:Politikaner/Wiki Commons CC BY-SA 3.0)

“Glass-making, of course, is a very very ancient technique,” says Stefanie Walker, a jewelry historian who works for the National Endowment for the Humanities and teaches at the Bard Graduate Center (among other places).

To talk about Swarovski, she says, we have to first talk about sand. Sand is primarily composed of silica, which properly is called silicon dioxide. You make glass by melting sand and other chemicals. Sand melts at 3090°F, so some of those chemicals, as you might expect, are used to lower that melting point to make the whole process a bit easier. Others are used for stability, to ensure the glass won’t dissolve in water, and for various aesthetic reasons.

Glass is not a crystal; as science teachers like to say, glass is a particular type of liquid, so its internal structure is all a jumble. A crystal, like quartz, has a very strict molecular structure that allows it to grow, almost like connecting Lego blocks. To cut a true crystal, you have to “cleave” it, lop it off, at a weak point. To continue the Lego comparison, if you wanted to reduce or reshape a Lego construction, you wouldn’t attempt to break an individual block; you’d have to remove blocks where they connect to other blocks. That’s why gems have a particular array of shapes: creating a spherical diamond has become kind of an engineering challenge, because the crystal simply does not cut that way.

Glass is more like a popsicle. It’ll hold its shape, but you can make that shape whatever you’d like, and can change that shape by melting and reforming it whenever you’d like. Cutting glass can be tricky, but it doesn’t work the same way cutting crystals does.

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (3)
Outside the company’s headquarters. (Photo:BKP/WikiCommons CC BY-SA 3.0)

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Because the key ingredient for making glass is so cheap (free, really) and abundant, glass has a long history. Glass beads, the earliest example of decorative glass, have been found dating back about 3,000 years. But as techniques and technology inches (and sometimes spurts) forward, glass-making has become more and more advanced. Around the 16th century is when glass-making really became an art, if not a totally above-board art. “When you talk about the 16th century, or the Renaissance, you have people talking about fakes, glass fakes, for valuable gems, all the time,” says Walker. But parallel to the development of counterfeit diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds is the concept of glass jewelry for its own sake.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, that concept exploded thanks to a development called glass paste. Previously, glass would be hand-formed by chipping away at it to get the desired shape. That sort of glass was cheaper than diamonds, but still fairly labor-intensive. Glass paste, on the other hand, is the first example of really high-end, beautiful glass jewelry. A French jewel designer named Georges Frédéric Strass in 1724 came up with the idea to mix in a bit of lead with the glass, replacing carbon that had been there before. This had two major effects. Glen Cook, chief research scientist at the Corning Museum of Glass, says: “Lead glass is actually quite easy to melt and shape, in terms of the temperatures needed and the skill required,” though he’s careful to note that it’s still pretty far outside the range of at-home DIY projects. And even better, lead glass has a very lovely sort of shine and luster—almost like diamonds.

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (4)
Crystal Dome of Swarovski Crystal Worlds, Wattens. (Photo:Zairon/WikiCommons CC BY-SA 3.0)

Lead glass, sometimes (and technically incorrectly) called crystal glass, became hugely popular after its invention, especially in the Victorian era in the mid- to late-1800s. “Even aristocrats or wealthier people would be happy to wear glass paste jewelry,” says Walker. And jewelers began to really mess around with the possibilities of a beautiful, easily manipulated, and extremely inexpensive gem; they added colored lacquer to the settings to give the glass a color, or even inserted a bit of metallic foil underneath to increase their shine.

But fashions changed, and in the late 1800s, the claw setting became very popular.

The claw setting grips the gem while exposing as much of the gem’s body as possible, so you can get light flowing through the entire gem. Jewelers may have even pushed this style to fight back the wave of crystal glass, because at the time, crystal glass didn’t hold up to the scrutiny of that kind of full-through view. But the glass-makers responded, and the most important was Daniel Swarovski.

(Video) SWAROVSKI Crystal Worlds. Austria

Bohemia, an area now part of the Czech Republic that borders Austria, has a very very long history of glass-making (and it remains one of the top three producers of silica in the world). Bohemians created lots of innovative techniques and processes for making glass; in the Renaissance, it was Bohemians who discovered that potash, potassium-heavy plant ashes soaked in water, when combined with chalk, could make for an easily workable and spectacularly clear glass, an innovation still used today. Bohemian glass was and still is widely known for its artistry and craft, and Daniel Swarovski’s father owned a glass-making factory. Young Swarovski was obsessed with glass, and in 1892 patented a new electric cutting machine, powered by hydroelectricity from the alpine waterfalls in the Austrian alps, for cutting glass.

In 1895 Swarovski founded the Swarovski company, originally called A. Kosman, Daniel Swartz & Co. (Swarovski changed his name due to rising anti-Semitism; as both a protective and marketing measure, it seems to have worked). The company’s factory was set up in the tiny town of Wattens, Austria, at the foothills of the Austrian Alps, to take advantage of the mountain’s hydroelectric possibilities.

What makes Swarovski’s crystals better than its competitors? It’s all about brilliance.

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (5)
Swarovski Crystal Worlds park. (Photo:Costel Slincu/flickr)

The word “brilliance” is a shortcut to describing to the path light takes through an object, and how it appears to us during that process. “Brilliance refers to a property of glass that is related to two things scientists call the ‘refractive index’ and the “dispersion” of the glass,” says Cook. “The science here starts to get pretty complicated quickly, but the short of it relates to how much light is bent, or ‘refracted,’ when it passes through an object, and how much light of different colors are bent compared to each other or ‘dispersed.’”

Some gemstones are naturally very brilliant, meaning they have a high refractive index and high dispersion, “giving an illusion of the gem being larger than it actually is, and it becomes colored strongly as the light is broken into many rainbows,” says Cook. Diamonds are very brilliant. So is zirconia. And so are Swarovski crystals. The specific shape and the chemical makeup of Swarovski (which, again, they won’t share) combine to make them pretty spectacular. Though you’d be hard-put to find a jeweler who’d agree with you. “If you look closely, in the light, in particular, a well-cut diamond is always going to have more fire and more brilliance than a glass crystal,” says Walker. But that, really, is debatable, and also flexible: there’s only so much you can do to a diamond, but a synthetic material like Swarovski crystal has no limits. There’s no particular reason to assume that synthetic crystals won’t surpass diamonds in brilliance at some point.

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Swarovski’s strength is two-fold. In sheer engineering muscle, the company is unmatched; its crystals aren’t just used for jewelry, but also for optics (binoculars, military stuff), abrasive tools, and intelligent, LED-based road lighting systems. But it became a household name thanks to its marketing and design department. In the mid-1950s, Swarovski worked with Elsa Schiaparelli to design custom-made Swarovski crystals for Schiaparelli’s jewelry. Chanel soon followed. Swarovski’s ability to create, basically, anything a designer wants, is unmatched in the fashion world; a jeweler can’t just make you a perfect cube of a sapphire, a neon orange sphere, or a dress made of a thousand rubies. But Swarovski can.

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (6)
Rockefeller Center ornament. (Photo:karlnorling/flickr)

The company’s biggest new break came when they partnered with Alexander McQueen for his Spring/Summer 1999 collection. The collection is a perfect example of late 1990s/early 2000s prosperity run amok; it is a raucous, gaudy collection of thousands of sparkly perfect glass crystals, cubic headdresses, and exposed nipples. It brought Swarovski to the attention of Hollywood and New York: here were affordable, but wildly ostentatious gems that are somehow approved by the fashion cognoscenti. For the first time in centuries, it was cool to wear what is, in effect, costume jewelry.

In 2009, speaking to Metro UK about her new pink Bentley convertible (estimated cost: $400,000), Paris Hilton said: “It has Swarovski crystals everywhere. It’s the Paris pink from my brand.” Paris Hilton and Swarovski crystals go together like Britney Spears and denim. Swarovski’s designs following the McQueen show in 1999 were very of the time: aggressive, outsized, luxuriously in-your-face. This was the era of the Swarovski-studded Motorola Razr cellphone. In 2006, the New York Times wrote, “For many people who had never given much thought to crystals, confusing the multifaceted beads with, say, sequins, ‘Swarovski’ is now inextricably tied to fashion.”

Famed Swarovski Crystals are Really Just Glass—The World's Best Glass (7)
Swarovski Merc at Toyko Auto Salon. (Photo:Chris Brown/flickr.)

Every major designer—Chanel, Louboutin, Louis Vuitton, hell, Ray-Ban even got in the mix—could afford to jump in and do their own crystal riff. And Swarovski was happy to provide the crystals. A giant museum, the Swarovski Kristallwelten, was built in 1995 in Wattens, where the factory is. The Kristallwelten is still one of Austria’s biggest tourist attractions.

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The company is less in the limelight than it was 15 years ago, but it’s still a thriving business; it makes the giant crystal that sits atop the Rockefeller Center Christmas tree every year, Rihanna wore a sheer dress covered in thousands of Swarovski crystals to a fashion awards show in 2014, and the company has an annual revenue of over $3.3 billion. Perhaps its strength is that while the ’90s Swarovski fashions look pretty awful by today’s standards, the company’s wares, even though they’re nothing more than bits of colored glass, remain very pretty. Glass is, by definition, malleable.

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FAQs

Are Swarovski crystals actually crystals? ›

Swarovski crystals are actually not crystals. They are a man-made form of glass created with a patented process. The process and the exact raw materials used has remained a company secret.

Is Swarovski crystal or glass? ›

Swarovski is a brand name for a range of precision-cut crystal glass which is made only by its producers in Austria. They do not occur naturally in the Earth.

Why are Swarovski crystals so good? ›

The high-quality crystals come from the very uniform structure which offers the Swarovski crystals amazing clarity. This is why in glass and Swarovski jewelry comparison; Swarovski crystals always lead as its high-quality manufacturing goes from several facets and takes a lot of time to come in shape.

Are Swarovski crystal figurines worth anything? ›

Overpriced Relative To Resale Value

Other mass-market retail jewellers like Pandora also do not offer pieces worth much resale value. They may look beautiful because of their finely cut crystals, but on the resale market, Swarovski crystals are not worth much because glass crystals are just not inherently valuable.

What is a Swarovski crystal made of? ›

How is Swarovski Crystal Made? While Swarovski won't reveal its secretive manufacturing process, we know that Swarovski crystals are made of quartz sand and natural minerals. The actual product is a form of man-made glass, with a 32% concentration of lead.

Why is Swarovski crystal so expensive? ›

Swarovski is More Expensive than Glass

This is because of the production process required to create glass vs crystals. Compared to other glass jewelry products, Swarovski uses higher quality materials. The process of creating even one crystal is also complicated.

Why is Swarovski so cheap? ›

Minerals, sand, quartz, and even lead are used in the production of Swarovski crystals. A sign of quality craftsmanship is that each gem is of uniform size and shape. Because Swarovski crystals are crafted from inexpensive lead glass rather than more valuable materials, their production cost is minimal.

Why is crystal better than glass? ›

Crystal is stronger and thus thinner than glass.

Glass stemware has thick bowls and rims; the material needs a certain thickness not to break. Crystal is a much harder material, so it's used to create thin, elegant, ultra-thin wine glasses.

What is better cubic zirconia or Swarovski crystal? ›

Swarovski crystals are cheaper than cubic zirconia. This is due to the complicated manufacturing process and materials used in CZ. It's also worth noting that CZ is more durable than Swarovski Crystals and can be cut with more facets, offering a better light refraction than Swarovski crystals.

Are Swarovski crystals more expensive than diamonds? ›

The price of Swarovski crystals varies depending on the type, size, and color of the stone. The prices can range from a few dollars to several hundred dollars. On the other hand, diamonds are much more expensive than Swarovski crystals. The price of a diamond depends on its carat weight, color, clarity, and cut.

Can I pawn Swarovski? ›

Pawn or Sell your Swarovski Now at PawnHero.ph - Philippines' First Online Pawn Shop. It's best to use highly valuable items such as jewelry when applying for a loan. This way, you can get the best value out of your pawn.

Are Swarovski crystals discontinued? ›

We have a long history with Swarovski and will continue to stock and sell Swarovski crystals when the inventory is available, and while we can still sell their products.

Do Swarovski crystals fade? ›

Swarovski jewelry is known for its durability and hard-wearing nature. Like any jewelry, it does tarnish given the right circumstances. It can be cleaned easily. Exposure to harsh chemicals and prolonged direct sunlight can cause fading.

Is Swarovski a diamond? ›

A Swarovski Created Diamond is identical to a mined diamond, the only difference is its origin. Lab created diamonds are often a more affordable option, meaning you can choose a piece of jewelry with a larger, higher quality diamond. Our exquisite fine jewelry really is the future.

Who is the owner of Swarovski? ›

Gernot Langes-Swarovski draws his wealth from $3 billion (revenues) Swarovski, the world's leading brand of cut crystal, which his great-grandfather Daniel Swarovski founded more than a century ago in Austria.

Are Swarovski pearls real? ›

SWAROVSKI Crystal Pearls are perfect replicas of genuine pearls. They are made of a unique crystal core covered with an innovative pearl coating, producing a flawless, silky smooth, rounded surface.

Are Swarovski crystals cubic zirconia? ›

In their efforts to create budget-friendly but high-quality alternatives to diamonds, Swarovski embraced the discovery of Cubic Zirconia and started working on making it as diamond-like as possible. And they succeeded – Swarovski Zirconia is Cubic Zirconia that's been cut in the ideal way for maximum sparkle and fire.

How do you make Swarovski shine again? ›

To clean Swarovski crystals, use a dry, lint-free cloth to polish them in circular motions until they sparkle. If your crystals need a deeper cleaning, moisten a soft-bristled toothbrush with warm water and squeeze a tiny amount of mild dish soap onto the bristles.

What is going on with Swarovski crystals? ›

We have confirmed that Swarovski is making changes to their internal structure and will limit the sale of Swarovski crystals to select luxury branding partners. Dreamtime Creations will continue to purchase and sell Swarovski crystals through September of 2021.

How do you clean Swarovski crystals? ›

Swarovski recommends that you polish your Swarovski crystal regularly with the Swarovski polishing cloth. If soiled, use a soft brush to wash your crystal in lukewarm water containing a small amount of a mild detergent. Then rinse under running water.

Can you wear Swarovski everyday? ›

Provided you're not digging sandcastles or catching waves all day, the answer's a firm yes. Direct sunlight will not damage Swarovski crystals. In fact, they're cut to shine best when worn in bright light.

What country is known for crystal? ›

One of the Czech Republic's most sought-after products is Bohemia crystal. Given the long history of crystal production in the country, it is hardly surprising that Bohemia crystal now ranks among the world's best.

How do you keep Swarovski crystals shiny? ›

To keep your Swarovski crystal jewelry in pristine condition, polish your Swarovski crystal jewelry regularly with a soft, dry, lint-free cloth to maintain its brilliance. Rub gently to avoid snagging the cloth on sharp edges of metal casings and accompanying beads and findings.

Is Swarovski a luxury? ›

The Swarovski Crystal Business is one of the epitomes of a luxury business empire with a phenomenal global presence having almost 3000 stores in around 170 countries, having around 27,000 employees. The Swarovski Group is made up of Swarovski Crystal Business, Swarovski Optik (optical devices) and Tyrolit (abrasives).

What crystals are comparable to Swarovski? ›

The answer is Preciosa Crystals. They offer an equivalent level of sparkle and brilliance to Swarovski Crystals. With similar shine and depth but at a more affordable price point.

Why is crystal more expensive than glass? ›

Standard glass is usually made with sand, soda ash, and limestone, making it durable but unable to be molded as thin as crystal. Crystal is also able to refract light while glass will typically lack that ability, making crystal more sought out for formal table settings and more expensive than glass.

How can you tell if a glass is real crystal? ›

Glass makes a clunking noise, while crystal sounds like a reverberated ringing. Another way to sound test the glassware is to lightly run a wet finger in a circular motion around the rim. If it's crystal, you will be able to hear a subtle tone that emanates from it.

Does crystal glass break easily? ›

Because of the type of material, crystal glasses will shatter easily should they fall to the floor or be hit against a hard surface. In fact, the stem of a crystal glass can even shatter in your hand if you're not careful.

Is Swarovski better than American diamond? ›

Since Swarovski crystals are cut using a machine, they have a similar look. Hence, their precision is better than that of diamonds, which will undoubtedly make you admire them.

How much is a 1 carat cubic zirconia worth? ›

For example, a flawless 1 carat round colorless diamond graded D costs around $12,000 whereas a 1 carat cubic zirconia is only worth $20. As the carat size increases the cost difference between cubic zirconia and diamond grows even larger. Check this diamond price calculator here. What is this?

Does Swarovski Jewelry have resale value? ›

4. Swarovski crystal uphold their resale value. Due to their demanding design standards and lasting popularity, Swarovski crystals hold their value quite well, making them a favorite among designers and jewelry aficionados.

Can Swarovski scratch glass? ›

Swarovski crystal has a Mohs hardness of between 6-7 so its susceptible to scratches and chipping from wear and tear but at the same time it's harder than standard glass. The lead content in the crystal increases the refraction index of the glass from 1.5 to 1.7 to give the faceted faced a more sparkly appearance.

Is Swarovski Russian? ›

Swarovski delivers a diverse portfolio of unmatched quality, craftsmanship, and creativity. Founded in 1895 in Austria, the company designs, manufactures and markets high-quality crystals, genuine gemstones and created stones as well as finished products such as jewelry, accessories and lighting.

What is the difference between Swarovski crystals and other crystals? ›

Swarovski Crystal Beads Deliver Superior Clarity and Brilliance. Swarovski crystal beads are crystal clear, unlike lower quality competitors, which often have blemishes and swirl marks, air bubbles, or an oily sheen. This does not happen by accident. Such quality and clarity are difficult to produce.

Are Swarovski crystals ethical? ›

Swarovski is certified by the Responsible Jewellry Council. In its jewelry collections, Swarovski launched lab-grown diamonds in 2016, expanding those into theAtelier Swarovski Fine Jewellery line. It also introduced responsible materials including Fair Trade and recycled gold and responsibly sourced gemstones.

Can I pawn Swarovski? ›

Pawn or Sell your Swarovski Now at PawnHero.ph - Philippines' First Online Pawn Shop. It's best to use highly valuable items such as jewelry when applying for a loan. This way, you can get the best value out of your pawn.

How does Swarovski make their crystals? ›

Swarovski glass is produced by melting a mixture of quartz sand, soda, potash and other ingredients at high temperatures. Lead, usually used in the form of lead tetroxide, is not used anymore and all Swarovski Crystal glass produced since 2012 has been lead-free.

Are Swarovski crystals safe to wear? ›

Swarovski Crystals Safe

It's understandable that you could have a fear about the lead oxide within crystals. Fortunately, lead oxide is completely safe to wear in crystal jewelry. However, we do not suggest that you ingest your crystals for this reason!

Are crystals diamonds? ›

Diamonds are naturally occurring. It results from the earth's high temperature and high pressure. On the other hand, crystal occurs through the crystallization process. Crystallization is the process of cooling down a liquid.

Is crystal mining bad for the environment? ›

A study done by Laurence Scott at the University of Basel in Switzerland showed the impact of mining gemstones include water contamination, landscape destruction, soil erosion and soil loss, habitat loss, and many other detrimental impacts to the environment.

Are crystals precious stones? ›

The main difference between crystal and gem is that a crystal is made up of atoms or ions arranged in a definite order and a definite structure while a gem is a mineral that is very precious and occurs only in a limited geographical area. A crystal may be called a gem while a gem would not be called a crystal.

How do I know if my Swarovski is real? ›

SWAROVSKI will always come with official packaging and an authenticity card. A genuine SWAROVSKI item will be flawless so when you look inside the crystal, you will not see any bubbles. If you do see a bubble, the item is definitely a fake.

Which is more expensive Swarovski crystal or cubic zirconia? ›

Swarovski crystals are cheaper than cubic zirconia. This is due to the complicated manufacturing process and materials used in CZ. It's also worth noting that CZ is more durable than Swarovski Crystals and can be cut with more facets, offering a better light refraction than Swarovski crystals.

Is Swarovski a luxury brand? ›

Founded in 1862 by Daniel Swarovski, Armand Kosman, and Franz Wens at Wattens in Austria as A. Kosmann, D. Swarovski & Co, Swarovski has simply thrived as a luxury brand.

Do Swarovski crystals shine like diamonds? ›

Thanks to a machine that cuts Swarovski crystals with high precision, they can outshine most other types of crystals. However, they still display less sparkle than some diamonds.

Who is the owner of Swarovski? ›

Gernot Langes-Swarovski draws his wealth from $3 billion (revenues) Swarovski, the world's leading brand of cut crystal, which his great-grandfather Daniel Swarovski founded more than a century ago in Austria.

Is Swarovski a diamond? ›

A Swarovski Created Diamond is identical to a mined diamond, the only difference is its origin. Lab created diamonds are often a more affordable option, meaning you can choose a piece of jewelry with a larger, higher quality diamond. Our exquisite fine jewelry really is the future.

Why did my Swarovski crystal turn black? ›

What's somewhat different in Swarovski crystals is their chemical coating which can tarnish more easily than some natural crystals if exposed to too much sweat or if it's frequently sprayed with perfumes or washed with strong detergents. The same goes for a lot of other cosmetics and even suntan lotions.

Can I wear Swarovski in water? ›

Always remove your jewellery before washing your hands, swimming, or applying body care products such as perfume, hairspray, soaps, and lotions. These products can damage the metal and reduce the lifetime of the plating, as well as cause discolouration and loss of brilliance.

How do you make Swarovski shine again? ›

To clean Swarovski crystals, use a dry, lint-free cloth to polish them in circular motions until they sparkle. If your crystals need a deeper cleaning, moisten a soft-bristled toothbrush with warm water and squeeze a tiny amount of mild dish soap onto the bristles.

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