Ethical judgment: characteristics and examples (2022)

He ethical judgment it consists of taking the most appropriate decision in the face of a dilemma in which one must choose the one that is most in line with morals and ethics. It is an individual decision, although it is related to the moral values ​​of society.

To decide properly, the person must use the reason and choose the best option, based on their knowledge about what is right or wrong.

Ethical judgment: characteristics and examples (1)

Although it is a tool that the human being has used since its appearance on the planet, the use of the concept dates back only to the eighteenth century. However, Ethics has been studied since the time of ancient Greece.

It is convenient not to confuse this type of judgment with morality because, although they share similarities, they have different characteristics. The main one is that, while in the ethical judgment it uses the reasoning to make the decision, the moral makes valuations on the actions or conducts.

Index

(Video) 2.1 Two properties of ethical judgments (6:24)

  • 1 How did it emerge from the concept of ethical judgment?
  • 2 Definition
  • 3 characteristics
  • 4 Examples of ethical judgment
    • 4.1 Concrete examples
  • 5 Similarities and differences with moral
    • 5.1 Similarities
    • 5.2 Differences
  • 6 Differences between ethical judgment and moral judgment
  • 7 References

How did it emerge from the concept of ethical judgment?

The term"ethics"has many centuries of history. It comes from the Greek word"ethos", which means custom. Ethics - as part of philosophy - studies good and evil, and its relationship with the human being.

Another meaning attributed to it is the total of customs and norms in human behavior.

As for the concept ethical judgment It is much more recent. It began to be used in the eighteenth century as a way to solve interpersonal or social problems.

Definition

Ethical judgment is defined as the reasoning necessary to be able to choose the most convenient action or attitude among those presented in a given situation.

This decision must be based on social norms, or on the set of values ​​that society considers correct. In this way, this type of trial seeks to help solve any ethical dilemma that appears.

Thanks to him, the different options are analyzed and the one that best fits the situation is taken, without breaking the moral norms, whether social or personal.

characteristics

Some of the main characteristics of the ethical judgment are the following:

-To effect this, some abstract moral principles are taken into account.

-It is not partial when judging the rights of others, but that they are respected.

(Video) Making Moral Judgement

-The individual is placed first in front of social relationships.

-Only is a way to achieve a fair result, without prejudging the results.

-The important thing is the procedure used.

-All human beings use it during all their life, even if the end result is harmful to themselves.

-It is about using a concept of universal justice when making decisions.

Examples of ethical judgment

Virtually every important decision a person makes during their life uses this type of judgment. Training the individual to be able to do them is one of the bases of education.

In general, it can be noted that when it is decided not to commit any criminal act is a great example of these judgments.

It is not a choice due to the fear of punishment, but because it contravenes the moral codes accepted by society. The consequences for the social group and for the loved ones are taken into account.

Concrete examples

1- A politician who has been discovered lying about something person loses his credibility and ceases to be trusted in his public activities.

(Video) Moral judgement - defined

2 - When seeing one person treat another wrongly, all end up judging him and thinking that his performance is not correct.

3- Those who mistreat animals receive a severe judgment by those who are aware of it. This abuser is usually classified as a cruel person. He even extrapolates his performance thinking that it can also harm humans.

4- The one who copies in an exam stops having the confidence of his teachers. He also gets reproach from colleagues who have tried hard.

5- Harassment in the school supposes, apart from the penal consequences, a severe ethical judgment on the part of the whole society.

Similarities and differences with moral

Morality is a field that has been studied since the times of classical Greece.

Although there have been different definitions over the centuries, today is considered as the set of rules that human beings living in society must follow to maintain harmony and good coexistence.

Although there may be people outside this common moral, the vast majority are immersed in the codes that dictates.

Similarities

Both in the ethical and moral judgment, there are a series of rules or perceptions about how each one's behavior should be.

When speaking of morality, the norms have been transmitted by the culture of society, with a teaching that goes from generation to generation. Ethics is how the individual has adapted morality to their own way of being and thinking.

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Differences

One of the main differences between the concepts of moral and ethics is the scope of development. While the first can vary depending on society and culture, ethics is much more personal, even if it comes from one's morals.

Thus, ethics needs a greater individual intervention, since it is the individual who must internalize it and use it in its judgments. In this way, it can be affirmed that ethics is born of individual thought, of conscience, of each person.

As mentioned, morality is external, social and has a greater burden of obligation if you want to maintain a good coexistence in the community in which you live.

Precisely for that reason, moral obligations are much more coercive.

In certain societies, for example, a single pregnant woman will be judged very harshly by community morals. Even if there is no criminal punishment, it can be assumed that the future mother will be socially excluded and despised.

Meanwhile, it is the intellect and rationality that counts most in the personal ethical sense. Although it has influence of social morality, the individual must adapt it to their thoughts and beliefs.

In the previous case of the single mother, someone can ethically judge that the attitude of despising her and giving her shelter and help is wrong, even if it contravenes the general morality.

Differences between ethical judgment and moral judgment

Given the above explanation, the differences between ethical judgment and moral judgment are easily deductible. In the first, reason comes into play fundamentally.

It is the individual who must rationally consider the consequences of the actions. T All this process is done according to the rules of society, but there is also scope for own rules.

(Video) Kohlberg’s 6 Stages of Moral Development

In the case of moral judgment, individual options are more limited. Simply, it is about assessing whether the action is positive or negative.

For this, it takes into account the set of rules that society has defined as correct or incorrect. It can be said that it is much stricter than the ethical one.

References

  1. Meanings What is Ethical Judgment? Recovered from meanings.com.
  2. ITESCAM. The moral judgment and ethical judgment. Recovered from recursos.salonesvirtuales.com.
  3. Theoretical framework. Moral judgment and ethical judgment. Recovered from marcoteorico.com.
  4. Psychology dictionary. Ethical Judgment. Retrieved from psychologydictionary.org.
  5. Baiada-Hireche, Loréa; Garreau, Lionel. Exploring the dynamics of ethical judgment: The Sensemaking-Based Evolution Model. Retrieved from strategie-aims.com.
  6. Leibniz Universität Hannover. Ethical Judgment. Retrieved from didageo.uni-hannover.de.
  7. BBC Ethics: a general introduction. Retrieved from bbc.co.uk
  8. Markkula Center for Applied Ethics. A Framework for Ethical Decision Making. Retrieved from scu.edu.

FAQs

What is ethical judgement example? ›

For example, we might say it is ethically obligatory for parents to care for their children, not only because it is right for them to do it, but also because it is wrong for them not to do it. The children would suffer and die if parents did not care for them.

What is ethical judgement? ›

Ethical judgments are attempts to assess the appropriateness of past actions and our current responses to them, remaining mindful of present values and sensibilities and considering fully the norms of the time.

What are the types of ethical judgement? ›

(1) Moral judgments about actions being right or wrong; (2) Moral judgments about people being good or bad; (3) Moral judgments about traits of character being good or bad, being virtues or vices.

What are the characteristics of moral judgments? ›

The paper discusses four major features of moral judgments - Objectivity, Universality, Practicality and Autonomy – and argues that these features are the best defense of morality against the pervading pressure of radical relativism.

Why is it important to have ethical Judgements? ›

Ethical decisions generate and sustain trust; demonstrate respect, responsibility, fairness and caring; and are consistent with good citizenship. These behaviors provide a foundation for making better decisions by setting the ground rules for our behavior.

What is a value Judgement examples? ›

A value judgment is a thought about something based on what it “ought” or “should” be given an opinion about what counts as “good” or “bad” — contrast from a thought based on what the facts are. E.g. “The government should improve access to education” is a value judgement (that education is good).

Is reason important in ethical judgment Why or why not explain? ›

Reasons have everything to do with ethics: If you have no good reasons for an act or a belief, then you can't have thought it through very well and maybe you shouldn't be doing it or believing it at all.

What are the 3 types of judgement? ›

Types of Judgments
  • Confession of Judgment: The name in many respects says it all. ...
  • Consent Judgment: The Consent Judgment is a companion to the Confession of Judgment. ...
  • Default Judgment: A default judgment results from a defendant's failure to respond to a Complaint.
30 May 2018

What are the factors that influence ethical judgment? ›

Factors that Affect Ethical Decision Making
  • Maturity. Some people, even as children or teenagers, have more ethical maturity than others. ...
  • Professional experience. ...
  • The ability to deal with uncertainty. ...
  • Formal education in ethics ...

In which way ethical judgments help in our day to day life? ›

There is a framework of ethics underlying our lives on a daily basis, helping us make decisions that create positive impacts and steering us away from unjust outcomes. Ethics guides us to make the world a better place through the choices we make.

What are 3 bases of moral judgement explain? ›

Although there is no complete list of adequacy criteria for moral judgments, moral judgments should be (1) logical, (2) based on facts, and (3) based on sound or defensible moral principles.

What is the basis of moral judgement in ethics? ›

Moral judgments refer to judgments that have moral content; they are used to evaluate situations, courses of action, persons, behavior, etc. The basis of moral judgments is a topic of some philosophical dispute. Some hold that moral judgments are based in intuition or feeling, often in connection with the emotions.

What are the objects of moral judgment? ›

Intention is the object of moral judgement. It is intention including motive that determines the moral quality of an action. An action is right when the intention of the agent is good. An action is bad or wrong when the motive or the end and the means are good; an action is wrong if either of them is "bad.

What is the process of ethical decision making Explain with examples? ›

Ethical decision making is the process in which you aim to make your decisions in line with a code of ethics. To do so, you must seek out resources such as professional guidelines and organizational policies, and rule out any unethical solutions to your problem. Making ethical decisions is easier said than done.

What are three characteristics of ethical dilemmas? ›

Characteristics of Ethical Dilemmas
  • Uncertainty about the consequences.
  • Rule book does not apply.
  • No good options.
  • Disagreement, with no time for consensus building.

What are some real life examples of ethical dilemmas? ›

16 Real-Life Examples of Ethical Dilemmas
  • Should parents monitor teens' social media activities? ...
  • Reporting an accident.
  • Ghosting in the workplace.
  • Medical care versus religious beliefs.
  • Misinterpret data deliberately?
  • Share my political leanings and risk losing clients?
  • Internet dilemmas.
16 Mar 2021

Which is an example of ethics? ›

Ethics, for example, refers to those standards that impose the reasonable obligations to refrain from rape, stealing, murder, assault, slander, and fraud. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty, compassion, and loyalty.

In what ways do ethical judgments differ from other kinds of judgments? ›

An easy answer might seem to be that our moral judgments are about moral permissions, moral requirements, and moral virtues, while judgments of other kinds are about permissions, requirements, ideals, and virtues of other kinds.

What are the 7 principles of ethical decision making? ›

In brief these are: 1) modify human practices when possible; 2) justify the need for control; 3) have clear and achievable outcome-based objectives; 4) cause the least harm to animals; 5) consider community values and scientific information; 6) include long-term systematic management; and 7) base control on the ...

Why is it important to have ethical Judgements? ›

Ethical decisions generate and sustain trust; demonstrate respect, responsibility, fairness and caring; and are consistent with good citizenship. These behaviors provide a foundation for making better decisions by setting the ground rules for our behavior.

Is reason important in ethical Judgement Why or why not explain? ›

Reasons have everything to do with ethics: If you have no good reasons for an act or a belief, then you can't have thought it through very well and maybe you shouldn't be doing it or believing it at all.

Which is an example of ethics? ›

Ethics, for example, refers to those standards that impose the reasonable obligations to refrain from rape, stealing, murder, assault, slander, and fraud. Ethical standards also include those that enjoin virtues of honesty, compassion, and loyalty.

What might influence an ethical Judgement? ›

There are three important factors that can influence ethical decision making, which are individual, organizational, and opportunity factors. All three of these factors can weigh heavily on a person during the decision making process, especially in the work place.

In which way ethical judgments help in our day to day life? ›

There is a framework of ethics underlying our lives on a daily basis, helping us make decisions that create positive impacts and steering us away from unjust outcomes. Ethics guides us to make the world a better place through the choices we make.

What is the process of ethical decision making Explain with examples? ›

Ethical decision making is the process in which you aim to make your decisions in line with a code of ethics. To do so, you must seek out resources such as professional guidelines and organizational policies, and rule out any unethical solutions to your problem. Making ethical decisions is easier said than done.

What are some real life examples of ethical dilemmas? ›

16 Real-Life Examples of Ethical Dilemmas
  • Should parents monitor teens' social media activities? ...
  • Reporting an accident.
  • Ghosting in the workplace.
  • Medical care versus religious beliefs.
  • Misinterpret data deliberately?
  • Share my political leanings and risk losing clients?
  • Internet dilemmas.
16 Mar 2021

In what ways do ethical judgments differ from other kinds of judgments? ›

An easy answer might seem to be that our moral judgments are about moral permissions, moral requirements, and moral virtues, while judgments of other kinds are about permissions, requirements, ideals, and virtues of other kinds.

How do you identify ethical issues? ›

When considering ethical issues, it is advised that you follow a stepwise approach in your decision-making process:
  1. Recognize there is an issue.
  2. Identify the problem and who is involved.
  3. Consider the relevant facts, laws and principles.
  4. Analyze and determine possible courses of action.
  5. Implement the solution.

What are the principles of ethical reasoning? ›

Occasionally principles may be in conflict therefore a defensible and carefully considered decision needs to be reached by sound ethical reasoning. The principles are beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice; truth-telling and promise-keeping.

What is your own ethical judgment on the case? ›

Ethical judgment is reasoning about the possible actions in the situation and judg- ing which action is most ethical. A person making an ethical judgment uses reason to decide what the best solution or decision is to a problem.

What is ethics definition and example? ›

Ethics definition

Ethics is defined as a moral philosophy or code of morals practiced by a person or group of people. An example of ethics is a the code of conduct set by a business. noun. 44.

What are personal ethics examples? ›

An important part of your personal ethics statement is identifying your personal beliefs and personal values. Some code of ethics examples include integrity, selflessness, honesty, loyalty, equality, fairness, empathy, respect, and self-respect.

What are 3 factors you should consider when making an ethical decision? ›

Three of the important components of ethical decision making are individual factors, organizational relationships, and opportunity.

How many steps of assessing ethical behavior ethical judgment are there? ›

This model encourages us to ask questions such as who this decision affects to determine the best ethical choice. Josephson's model consists of six steps. They include stop and think, clarify goals, determine facts, develop options, consider consequences, choose, and monitor/modify.

What are the three main factors that affect ethical behavior in the workplace? ›

Individual, social, and opportunity factors all affect the level of ethical behavior in an organization.

Videos

1. Moral Decision, Judgment and Dilemma, and Characteristics of Moral Standards
(Elyzer Furagganan)
2. Ethical Decision Making
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(Donah Divine)
4. Ethical Judgement Presentation
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5. Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
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